EZ-KAR

EZ-KAR SUMARY INFORMATION TABLE  

No EZ-KAR
1.About The Eshiteghal Zaiee – Karmondena (EZ-Kar) is a Project of the Afghan Government supported by the World Bank, involving multiple ministries, to respond to the long-term settlement and economic development of the returnees and their host communities.

The EZ-Kar proposes to mitigate the enormous pressure caused by the displacement crises, while also enhancing the opportunities it presents for economic development in urban area. Thus EZ-Kar fits within the international context of integrating short term humanitarian approaches with longer term development perspectives. The project focuses on the successful integration of the returnees in the 13 cities with highest number of IDPs and returnees.  There is a strong emphasis in the project on developing market supporting infrastructure, and creating the supportive enabling environment required to generate short- and medium-term economic opportunities as well as removing impediments to the re-integration of IDPs and returnees to the host communities.  These measures in the long run will support local institution building, inclusive growth and social inclusion.

The project supports the integration of Afghan Returnees in the cities through a multi-Agency implementation approach, and with the short to medium term measures required for increased economic opportunities for integration of Afghan returnees in the cities under program coverage. These measures include, among others, (a) provision of civil documents and information services to Afghan refugees in Pakistan; (b) creation of job opportunities through labor intensive public works; (c) removal of regulatory red tapes (such as cumbersome processes for applying for construction permits), (d) provision of and improvements to market infrastructure at municipal and Gozar levels.

Together, these measures are expected to strengthen an enabling environment for economic opportunities in the target cities where there is a high influx of displaced people which will facilitate new business activities by establishing business Gozars and market-based infrastructure at Gozar level, create immediate short-term jobs, and promote economic opportunities.

The EZ-Kar project will reach Afghan refugees living in Pakistan and citizens within Afghanistan in 13 cities in Afghanistan namely: Kabul, Jalalabad (Nangarhar), Kandahar City (Kandahar Province), Herat City (Herat Province), Puli Khumri (Baghlan), Maimana (Faryab), Ferozkoh/ Chaghcheran (Ghor), Khost Matun (Khost province), Asadabad (Kunar), Kunduz City (Kunduz Province), Mehtarlam (Laghman), Parun (Nuristan) and Taloqan (Takhar). The EZ-Kar being an inter-ministerial approach to the displacement crises, with multiple implementing agencies (IAs), such as the Ministry of Finance (MoF), the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MoFA), the Ministry of Economy (MoEc), Ministry of Refugees and Repatriation (MoRR), the Kabul Municipality (KM), and the Independent Directorate of Local Governance (IDLG) would improve inter-ministerial coordination and collaboration to address the IDPs and returnees’ crises effectively.

 

2.Link with government and WB strategic documents EZ-KAR is aligned with the N-UPP under ANDP development planning structure which has the three pillars of: (I) Strengthen urban governance institutions; (II) Ensuring adequate housing and basic service and (II) Harness urban economy and infrastructure.

The program is also aligned with the World Bank’s Afghanistan country program, which has the three pillars of (I) building strong and accountable institutions; (ii) supporting inclusive growth; and (iii) expanding and deepening social inclusion. There is a strong emphasis in the project on (a) strengthening GoIRA’s ability to support Afghan refugees as they return, (b) building an effective institutional and regulatory environment for economic opportunities at the municipal and national level and; (c) taking on an inclusive-whole of city and community approach that benefits vulnerable households, displaced and host communities with short- and medium-term economic opportunities.

 

 

3.PDO Project Development Objectives: (PDO) of the EZ-KAR is to strengthen the enabling environment for economic opportunities in the cities of high influx of returnees.

This will be pursued by increasing the returnees’ access to civil documents, providing short-term employment opportunities, improving market enabling infrastructure, and supporting investor friendly regulatory reforms.

The program want to address the displaced population in urban area, by creating the economic opportunities by project investment in term of short term employment and improving the urban soft and hard infrastructure which promote urban economic opportunities for urban development.

 

This program focus on improved economic opportunities for urban development through improved regulatory reform and repair, construction of economic infrastructure sub-projects.

 

 

4.Project Outcomes and outputs ØImprove Return Process for Afghan Returnee from Pakistan;

§  Issue 2 Million passport;

§  Inform Afghans in Return process

ØCreate an Effective institutional and Regulatory environment for economic opportunities at national and municipal level

§  Implementation of X number of business oriented municipal regulatory Reform.

§  Repaired, maintained or constructed Y number of small-scale infrastructure.

Ø Improve condition of economic infrastructure in cities with large number of displaced people.

§  1110 economic support infrastructure

ØImproved short term employment opportunities for most vulnerable returnee

§  80000 vulnerable HH get the employment opportunities.

 

5. Beneficiary Intended Beneficiary: Returnee, IDP and vulnerable member of host communities.

Business owner in the program coverage area

6. Task areas Components: The Component is divided into three cost categories:

1.       first Maintenance and Construction Cash Grants (MCCG) worth US$ 31.3 million, it has three components;

In the MCCG we have to establish the CDC and prepare the Development plan; design projects. The menu for the MCCG is the permissible menu for the MCCG sub-component is as follows:

·         Repairs/ renovation/ rehabilitation of roads and canals

·         Construction/ extension of wells

·         Extension of water networks and power grid lines

·         Building toilets, additional classrooms or walls for public schools/ public clinics

·         Clearance of heavy snowfall from main roads connecting the community to the district center

·         Preparation of food for the laborers of another MCCG subproject preferably for women workers.

2.       Establishment of Gozar Assembly (GA) and Business Gozar (BGA) Grants worth US$ 61.4 million, in this component we would establish GA based on the CCAP approach and they will develop their economic development plan and identify projects which promote business. The business gozar would be established based on the result of economic assessment in 12 cities. The business GA also identify the project which promote business.

3.       Regulatory Reform to do the regulatory reform of four municipalities in the construction permit of high building and fund would be disbursed for the sub-projects identified by CIP projects in four urban area of Kandahar, Herat, Jalal Abdad and Khost.

 

7.Focus area Area of focus: Address the displacement challenges, improved economic opportunities, building urban infrastructure, economic and employment opportunities.

 

This project would address the displacement conditions in urban area through employment generation and creating enabling environment for supporting business for economic growth and development.

8.Implementation approach EZ-KAR is using the same approach of community driven development and would use the same financial management, ESS and RPF guideline
9.Project menu The permissible menu for the MCCG sub-component is as follows:

·         Repairs/ renovation/ rehabilitation of roads and canals

·         Construction/ extension of wells

·         Extension of water networks and power grid lines

·         Building toilets, additional classrooms or walls for public schools/ public clinics

·         Clearance of heavy snowfall from main roads connecting the community to the district centre

Preparation of food for the laborers of another MCCG subproject preferably for women workers.

The following is considered as the “positive menu” for gozar level projects under this sub-component:

·         Construction/ rehabilitation/ extension of existing/ new infrastructure facilities that support economic opportunities, markets, shops etc.

·         Construction of/ improvements to infrastructure for improving market accessibility, connectivity

·         Construction of facilities that promote women’s participation in economic/ business activities

·         Construction/ rehabilitation of toilet and storage facilities for markets, including cold storage and warehousing facilities including women’s parks with shopping areas

·         Construction of waiting lounges/ toilet facilities outside business tax/ registration offices

·         ICT infrastructure for markets/ businesses with primary installation and set up

·         Construction/ extension of power grids/ installation of solar panels/ MHP projects for energy (in close consultation and with the approval of the provincial DABS/ MoWE only)

 

 

10.Budget The program total budget is 120.5 million USD for five years.
11.Start date and duration December 2018 up to December 2023
12.Coverage area This cover 12 urban centers namely: include Jalalabad (Nangarhar), Kandahar City (Kandahar Province), Herat City (Herat Province), Puli Khumri (Baghlan), Maimana (Faryab), Ferozkoh/ Chaghcheran (Ghor), Khost Matun (Khost province), Asadabad (Kunar), Kunduz City (Kunduz Province), Mehtarlam (Laghman), Parun (Nuristan), and Taloqan (Takhar).